Life-Space Mobility and Aging in Place

Ivis Garcia Zambrana, University of Utah

Co-investigator:

Summary:

Research on older adults explores the notion of “aging in place”—providing older adults the opportunity to continue to occupy familiar surroundings, to live in their own homes and communities. But oftentimes one’s ability to stay or leave, particularly in old age, depends on the built environment. Mobility is the ability to meet the basic needs to access goods, activities, services, and social interactions as they relate to quality of life (Mollenkopf, 2005). Thus, mobility is essential to older adults due to their limited, or gradually reducing, physical and cognitive abilities. 

In transportation research, mobility is often regarded in terms of travel behavior and it is measured by the number of outside-home travel. However, in other fields, including public health, it refers to the relative ease and freedom of movement in all of its forms (Satariano et al., 2012). 

This study intends to broaden the understanding of the environmental factors on older adults’ mobility in different life-spaces, from one’s bedroom to sidewalk, from home to a final destination via walking, public transit and/ or driving. We will document and examine 1) the ways in which older adults talk about, understand, and make meaning of their experiences and conditions related to life-space mobility and, 2) how these frames of reference guide their ability to be able to age in place. To achieve these aims, we will develop a life-space mobility assessment tool and conduct semi-structured interviews with 25 older adults who have participated in home accessibility modification programs in U.S. Western region. Given that interviewees already have engage in some level of self-determination to improve their lives at home, we are interested in their life-space mobility and which opportunities they might see to improve their auto-sufficiency. Our work will provide both a basis and springboard for studying further geographies and discussion about policy initiatives to effectively and equitably address growing mobility disparities.

Mollenkopf, H., F. Marcellini, I. Ruoppila, Z. Széman, and M. Tacken. 2005. Enhancing Mobility in Later Life. Amsterdam ; Washington, DC: IOSPress.
Satariano, William A., Jack M. Guralnik, Richard J. Jackson, Richard A. Marottoli, Elizabeth A. Phelan, and Thomas R. Prohaska. 2012. “Mobility and Aging: New Directions for Public Health Action.” American Journal of Public Health 102 (8): 1508–15. 

Impacts:

The objectives of this research are of interest to our community partners, Assist Inc. (Utah) and Unlimited Choices (Oregon), and similar organizations across the country. The findings from this research will improve understanding of their clients’ needs and can lead to improved service delivery. Policy makers in local municipalities and planners in planning and transportation can use the tool, framework, and findings to better inform their planning and policy-making efforts to be more attuned to the growing need for improving the accessibility of home and community environments, including the critically important connections between individuals’ home, transit systems, and services.

Project Details

Project Type:
Research
Project Status:
In Progress
End Date:
January 31,2019
UTC Grant Cycle:
NITC 16 Round 1
UTC Funding:
$99,764